Braun, R. E., Glassman, T., Wohlwend, J., Whewell, A., & Reindl, D. M. (2011). Hookah use among college students from a midwest university. Journal of community health, (37), 294-298.
The purpose of this article is to determine the prevalence of hookah use among college students at a large, urban Midwest university and to determine what, if any, interventions are needed to educate students about adverse effects of hookah use.
The methodology used in this article is the survey and interview technique which incorporates some standardized testing tactics. The internet software program Survey Monkey was used to gather data via email and that data was analyzed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS).
The results of the research indicate that a fairly low percentage of students smoked hookah in the past month (6%) or in their lifetime (15%)(Braun, Glassman, Wohlwend, Whewell & Reindl, 2011). Smoking hookah appears to be a mainly social, peer-driven event, and users tend to think that hookah use is less harmful than other kinds of tobacco use (Braun, Glassman, Wohlwend, Whewell & Reindl, 2011) which has been proven to be false. There was statistically significant and moderately strong correlation between hookah use and regular tobacco use, and statistically significant but low correlation between hookah use and marijuana use, alcohol use, and binge drinking (Braun, Glassman, Wohlwend, Whewell & Reindl, 2011).
There are a few problems with the research. First, the study was limited to one university in the middle of the country, which may have very different hookah use than universities on the coasts or of different population size. Second, there is no way to determine if hookah users used other forms of tobacco, or marijuana or alcohol, before or after first using hookah. The low response rate of 15% could be skewing data, as could the fact that more underclassmen than seniors and more women than...