Between 1000 C.E. and 1750 C.E., Islam impacted Europe in many ways, it brought political power to the Church and king through the Crusades, it affected society through the Renaissance, and finally it affected Europe’s economy.
The Crusades began in 1095, when Pope Urban II called for all the nations in Europe to unite for a single cause. Earlier Europe had been torn apart by civil wars, but this called for a union. The Crusades were directed towards The Muslims, mainly focusing on the city of Jerusalem. In addition to uniting the continent towards a single cause, the first couple of Crusades brought power and widespread recognition to the pope. However, later Crusades were less successful which took away power and popularity from the pope. Before the Crusades against Islam, kings had little power, the land was divided among rich aristocrats who had many small armies. However, many of these aristocrats died on battle, without leaving a heir, which gave all their lands to the king, this greatly increased the kings power.
Islam affected Europe’s economy greatly. Before the Crusades, Europe’s technology was simple. At the time, Islamic groups had some of the most advanced technology around. Europeans used many of these technologies from their enemies, many of these increased trade and helped their economy grow. For example, Europeans learned how to build better ships and use the compass. Islam also invented the use of coinage, which helped the economy greatly. This meant that people didn’t have to use the barter system, due to the convenience of the use coins and currency.
The Renaissance was a very important event in Europe and the world itself. The Renaissance was a cultural movement that lasted from the 14th to the 17th century. The Renaissance was influenced by the Islamic wonders seen by the Crusaders during the Crusades. Before this, Europe was centralized on feudalism. There was little to no education, and Europe had a centralized agricultural...