In the year of 1810, México had an influence from United States and France so they began to think in the idea of fight against the Spanish. In that time, a King of Spain was governing but he had many unfair laws because he gave all the power to the rich people of Spain instead of the people that were born in Mexico, especially the Mexican Indians, they were exploited.
A priest, Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla and his officers were arming a conspiracy against Spanish so they decided to fight in the fall of that year but then Hidalgo received a letter from Josefa Ortiz de Dominguez, the owner of the house where they were planning the revolt in Queretaro, and she told him that the Spanish caught them and that now they knew their plans so Hidalgo decided to anticipate the fight. He gathered many persons as he could in his church so he made an army of 50,000 persons. Miguel Hidalgo rang the bell of the church on the night of September 15 of 1820, to call all the people and he gave his famous speech which is known as the “Grito de Dolores” saying “Viva Mexico!” and “Viva la Independencia!” Now on day these words are said in each celebration of the Independence of Mexico.
The people that fought for this cause were from different races, the criollos (these group were the wealthy Mexicans of Spanish descents), the mestizos (the children that were born from a Spanish and an Indian), and the Indians. These groups used many things to fight for examples guns, knives, stones, etc. They were marching to Mexico City but in Guanajuato the fought against the Spanish army, but this was a real army soy they had many skills and they were prepare so they killed many persons from Hidalgo´s army. After this, many persons decided to retired and the ones that decided to continue fighting went to Mexico City. Before the year was over, Hidalgo was captured and executed.
José María Morelos y Vicente Guerrero continued with the revolt and the led the Mexican army. Morelos was executed as...