IMPLICATIONS OF WTO ON INDIAN AGRICULTURE:
THE CASE OF INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS AND
EMERGING BIOSAFETY PROTOCOL
ANIL K GUPTA
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Implications Of WTO for Indian Agriculture:
The Case Of Intellectual Property Rights And Emerging Biosafety Protocoli
Globalisation in trade and investment through harmonisation of national laws, particularly
dealing with intellectual property rights is one of the major impacts of GATT/WTO. The contribution of
knowledge as a factor of production is being increasingly given central importance in economic
development. The tension between public need and private control that will mount the first challenge.
The conflict between chemical intensive agriculture (despite declining productivity of inputs) and the nonchemical sustainable technological innovations generated by farmers as well as firms (national or
international) will pose second challenge. The increasing trend towards larger areas under fewer
varieties and the need for food security through diversified biological systems will be the third source of
conflicts. Production, protection, commercialisation and incorporation of intellectual property in
development of national developmental strategies, will be crucial in defining the role India will play in
world markets on one hand and overcoming deprivation and hunger with in the country on the other.
The strategy proposed is aimed at making Indian agriculture not only globally more
competitive but also domestically more progressive by using knowledge as a strategic resource
so that agriculture sustains livelihoods of millions of households dependent upon it in an
environmentally sustainable manner. The major contention is that India should not view the
challenges posed by WTO as if it will remain always an importing country and that it has no
substantive intellectual property to offer to world market. There must be a registration...