Irrigation Systems DBQ
The ancient world is famous for its technological advances and innovative methods. Irrigation systems was one of those technological advances and were wildly popular in most Ancient civilizations. Irrigation systems in the Ancient world were beneficial because they effectively moved water to create fertile lands that gave an abundance of crops. However, irrigation systems were also problematic because they required gruesome manual labor and increased governmental control over citizens.
Irrigation systems were a great way to transport water to easily grow an abundant amount of crops. The Shaduf, Saqiya, and Noria all helped to move water. (Doc. 2) The need for water is important especially in a hot desert like environment like Egypt, Mesopotamia, or Eastern China. The people would often combine a Noria with an aqueduct so you don't have to worry about the river flooding and breaking the machine. (Doc. 3) The aqueduct was built so there could always be a steady amount of water for the crops. The king of Chin wanted to build a canal to irrigate alkali land. The irrigation systems helped irrigate more than 667,000 acres and the Kuanchung land became fertile for many years. (Doc. 4) An additional document that would greatly help would be a record of how many crops were grown before irrigation systems in Kuanchung so that it can be compared to that of Kuanchung with irrigation, to see how much it increased crop growth creating agriculture surplus. The agricultural surplus also helped farmers set up small stores because of all the additional crops they grew, they could feed themselves and sell some for extra goods. (Doc. 5)
Irrigation systems were a great invention, but they often needed gruesome manual labor to operate. Shadufs would require a man to operate it to work and the saqiya would need all the strength of an animal. (Doc. 2) A man could not operate a saqiya by himself so he would have to train and work an animal to...