Is technology the best way to increase production of Singapore’s farms?
In the last five decades, the population in Singapore increased dramatically from 1.65 to 4.99 million (Singapore Department of Statistics, 2009), which has caused a severe problem: how to feed the growing population. The limited soil and labor shortage have been the main constraints on the development of agriculture in Singapore. Singapore has to import about 90% of its total food requirements from neighboring countries. Local production only gains a small market share: egg (30%), leafy vegetable (8%) and fish (5%). (Cheong, 2007) In order to increase the local production, advancing technology has definitely been the main method.
Technology is the best way to enhance the efficiency of land to maximize farm output. Singapore is one of the most densely populated countries in the world and only 3% of the area is for agriculture. Although the government has decided to expand the agricultural area, it is particularly difficult to allocate large amounts of areas for farming since urbanization, industrialization and housing have taken substantial amounts of land (Encyclopedia of Nations, 2002). The way to attain more per capita production is relied on technology. As a country, which lacks soil resources as Singapore, China is a good example that technology changes the rice supply situation. China has 21% population and covers only 7% land of the world. It seems impossible for China to be self-sufficient in rice. Nevertheless, with the development of rice hybridization technique, the capita production of hybrid rice can be 27% more than inbred varieties on average. This makes China generally self-sufficient and helps increase the income of farmers. (Food & Fertilizer Technology Center, 2007) Therefore, technology is dramatically significant for a country which desires to increase its agricultural productivity with limited land such as Singapore.
Besides increasing the productivity, technology,...