Cognitive therapy is a form of therapy based on the model of emotional response .This is to say that our thoughts are directly connected to how we feel and is therefore, founded on the assumption that our thoughts and feelings are available to introspection. Because the focus of psychological problems and remedies are on the client’s cognitions, this type of therapy is called cognitive therapy (Beck, A. 1976). As a form of therapy, cognitive therapy is brief and directional, focusing on the clients thought processes above and below the level of awareness. Due to the limitation of the scope of this essay, I will give a brief overview on the history of Cognitive therapy, its goals and key concepts, the process and the therapeutic relationship. During this overview, I will mention some limitations of the therapy around the role of the therapeutic relationship in the process, and the loss of experiential learning that occurs with the directional aspect of the therapy and the education of the client about the process itself.
History of CBT
Cognitive Therapy was developed by Aaron T Beck as a result of his research on depression. He was born in Providence, Rhode Island in 1921. He initially practiced as a neurologist but switched to psychiatry during his residency. While attempting to validate Freud’s motivational model of the explanation of depression as self directed anger, Beck discovered patients were conceiving several streams of thought, simultaneously , some streams automatically and just below the conscious level. During a session with a particularly hostile patient, the patient disclosed that he experienced feelings of guilt in tandem with, and as a result of feelings of...