John Adams was the 2nd president of the United States. He was one of the most outspoken leaders of the American fight for independence. Adams was born in Braintree, Massachusetts, now Quincy, Massachusetts, October, 30, 1735, to his father, also named John Adams, and his mother, Susanna Boylston. Young John graduated from Harvard and went on to study law. By 1764 he had married Abigail Smith and become one of the leading lawyers in Boston. Short, stout, with a ruddy complexion, John often acted hastily. John Adam’s was a strong believer that the colonies should separate from Britain, as he states here, “It is the will of Heaven that the two countries should be sundered forever…”
John entered political life by boldly arguing against taxation without representation. John helped to prepare the Declaration of Independence and was one of the 117 signers of it. In the year 1778 Adams was sent to France to attain a treaty of alliance with them. When he arrived he was astounded to find that the treaty had already been signed. Upon his return he wrote the famous Massachusetts Bill of Rights which was later copied by many states. After that he was sent to Holland to ask them to recognize America as a separate country. He even obtained a loan from them for the new country. In 1785 he was sent to England to be the first American minister to England. This was hard for him because of bitterness toward British rule. Returning to the States two years later, during which the U.S. Constitution was written, John Adams was named vice-president of the United States. After Washington, John became president winning over Thomas Jefferson by only three votes. Thomas Jefferson became John Adam’s vice-president.
During his presidency Adam had plenty of problems to solve especially with France during their revolution. The French had seized over 300 American trade ships and claimed that they had a right to. Despite...