Jose Rizal: Soul of the Philippine Independence
The Philippines was in great distress, vast numbers of Filipinos were executed, series of arrest took place, and thrashing innocent people everywhere. This is the face of our country during the Spanish reign, but it was him, Dr. Jose Protacio Rizal Mercado Y Alonzo Realonda, who inspired the heart of the nation to rise up against the friars not by fighting but rather by the use of intelligence and pen.
Jose Rizal was born on June 19, 1861 as the seventh child of Francisco Mercado Rizal and Teodora Alonzo Y Quintos in the town of Calamba Laguna. At such a young age of 5, Rizal showed inclinations to be an artist and as he grew up he became an architect, artist, businessman, cartoonist, educator, economist, ethnologist, ophthalmic surgeon, poet, psychologist etc. Having traveled extensively in Europe, America, and Asia, he mastered 22 languages.
This man of knowledge believes not merely in freedom but in the potential of the Filipino people to surpass what they were under the Spanish colonial government hence, he wrote his two masterpieces which are the Noli Me Tangere and the El Filibusterismo. During his stay in Europe, Rizal wrote his novel, Noli Me Tangere, which tells the story of a Filipino who returns home from Europe with new eyes to the justices and corruption in his native land. In the year 1891, in spite of the poverty he had endured he was able to publish his second novel entitled El Filibusterismo. This novel alarmed the Spanish government because this could be the catalyst which would encourage Filipinos to revolt against them.
In contradiction of his parents and friends, Rizal returned to the Philippines in 1892 and had been arrested by the Spanish government for being a subversive and for his reported involvement in the rebellion known as the Katipunan, for that he was thrown as a prisoner in the island of Dapitan. Although Jose Rizal has repeatedly said that he advocated peaceful reforms...