Assuming Joseph’s heart has stopped, what cellular processes and membrane functions are going to be affected by the loss of oxygen, blood glucose and waste removal?
Because the heart is not pumping oxygenated blood, the cells are not getting oxygen required for the creation of ATP. The nucleus cannot replace the cells because water and glucose is not coming into the cells. The membrane is not being replaced and waste builds in the cells.
Which intracellular organelles have membranes as part of their structure? How would the breakdown of the membranes of these structures affect the function of Joseph’s heart cells?
The mitochondria and the nucleus both have their own individual membranes. The endoplasmic reticulum has a membrane and it creates other items that have their own as well, the Golgi complex produces the lysosomes which have their own membrane. When the membranes begin to break down, there is no control in the cell, lysosomes are free floating and they will try to digest anything available. When the membranes are not replaced the outer plasmic membrane will not allow waste to exit the cell, and then cannot control what comes into either.
Two important pieces of information-the instructions Joseph’s body needs to repair itself and his predisposition for vascular disease- are both contained within the cell on which structures?
These bits of information are stored in the DNA and replicated into the RNA.
Joseph’s heart attack has caused the function of his cells to change. What types of proteins in the cell membrane were involved in the homeostatic imbalances of his heart cells?
Transporter proteins were not able to do their job, and the cells of the heart were clogged with lipids and other fats. Instead of transporting them out of the cells the membranes became thicker and thicker, not allowing all the required movement.
Why was reestablishing oxygen flow to Joseph’s body so important? What processes would be...