Juvenile Crime Paper
During the 1970’s and 1980’s juvenile crime rates were on the rise urging the state legislatures across the country to transfer a significant amount of offenders under the age of eighteen to the criminal court in their jurisdiction, where the boundaries between adult justice system and the juvenile had to be redrawn.
The difference between the adult court and juvenile court is as:
Juvenile Justice System
1. The rational of the juvenile court system are that juveniles are developmentally different form adults and the behavior is malleable. The primary and viable goals are to offer rehabilitation and treatment while adding protection to the community.
2. Believing that juveniles offenders can be rehabilitated, limitations are placed on public access to their records. Proceedings are confidential to protect privacy.
3. The system follows a psychological casework approach taking into account an assessment of the offender’s history to meet his or her needs. The offender has a hearing instead of a trial to incorporate the social history and legal factors.
4. Law enforcement can make the choice of preventative detention or detaining them for the protection of the community as well as the offender.
5. Juveniles in some states are not afforded the right to a jury trial.
6. Instead of being judged as “guilty,” a juvenile is considered “delinquent”. Sentencing varies and covers a wide range of community-based residential options. Dispositions are based on the juvenile’s offense history and severity of the crime that also includes a rehabilitation component that can last for an unspecified time and have the juvenile sent to certain facility or program until they are rehabilitated or reach the age of majority. The disposition may include restitution that can be directed to the parents.
7. To be reintegrated back into the community, the juvenile is given surveillance with activities as a condition of Parole.
Criminal Justice System