2.1 BANGLADESH RMG SECTOR
Garment exports from Bangladesh began in the late 1970s. As a result of the MultiFibre Agreement (MFA) and the huge quota allocated to Bangladesh in Dhaka in the 1980s, a completely new industry developed.
Today, there is a concentration of activity in and around the capital city of Dhaka, Chittagong, Narayangong, Tongi, Shavar and Konabari districts and a growing garment manufacturing presence in the country's export processing zones (EPZs). The textile and apparel sector relies heavily on imports for its production inputs, including fibres, yarns, fabrics, and accessories. The sector is cotton based, with most of the cotton coming from India and the United States.
In the textile and apparel sector in Bangladesh, there are approximately two million workers, 90% of whom are women, working for around 4,500 corporations with one or more factories. Factory sizes vary between around 200 and 1,200 workers, with an average of about 550-600 workers. Alongside the formal sector thousands of small clothing workshops exists.
One of the main problems in Bangladesh with regard to labour standards is the fact that legal minimum wages are far below a realistic subsistence income. In addition, violations of the right to organize and bargain collectively are extremely common. Bangladesh has, by most reckonings, about the lowest wages amongst major garment exporting countries and the garment sector of Bangladesh has limited scope for workers to join a labour union.
Other important areas for improvement of labour standards are issuing identity cards, providing job contracts to all workers, weekly holidays, regular payment of wages, limitation of night work by female workers and maternity leave, proper working environment and so on.
The Major Compliances and the existing strategies
We have divided the compliances in four major areas as mentioned at the beginning. Those are in detailed as follow,
2.2 CHILD LABOUR
Although child labor is illegal...