1.) SPELLING RULES FOR THE PRESENT PROGRESSIVE TENSE
a.) Add –ing to the base form of the verb.
read - reading, stand - standing, jump - jumping
b.) If a verb ends in a silent –e, drop the final -e and add –ing.
leave - leaving, take - taking, receive - receiving
c.) In a one-syllable word, if the last three letters are consonant-vowel-consonant combination (CVC), double
the last consonant before adding –ing.
sit - sitting, run - running, hop - hopping
However, do not double the last consonant in word that end in w, x, or y.
sew - sewing, fix - fixing, enjoy - enjoying
d.) In words of two or more syllables that end in a consonant-vowel-consonant combination, double the last
consonant only if the last syllable is stressed.
admit - admitting, regret - regretting
e.) If a verb ends in –ie, change the –ie to y before adding -ing.
die - dying
2.) SPELLING RULES FOR THE SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE
a.) Add –s for most verbs
work - works, buy - buys, ride - rides, return - returns
b.) Add –es for words that end in –ch, -s , -sh, -x, or –z.
watch - watches, pass - passes, rush - rushes, relax - relaxes, buzz - buzzes
c.) Change the –y to –i and add –es when the base form ends in a consonant +y.
study - studies, hurry - hurries, dry - dries
Do not change the –y when the base form ends in a vowel +y. Add –s
play - plays, enjoy - enjoys
d.) A few verbs have irregular forms.
be - is, do - does, go- goes, have - has
3.) SPELLING RULES FOR SIMPLE PAST TENSE OF REGULAR VERBS
a.) If the verb ends in a consonant, add –ed.
return - returned, help - helped, cook - cooked
b.) If the verb ends in –e, add –d.
live - lived, create - created, die - died
c.) In one-syllable words, if the verb ends in a consonant-vowel-consonant combination (CVC), double the
last consonant and add -ed.
hop - hopped, rub - rubbed
However, do not double one-syllable words ending in –w, -x, or –y.
bow - bowed, play - played, mix - mixed
d.) In words of two or more syllables that...