Unit 650 Understand professional management and leadership in health and social care or children and young people’s settings.
Understand theories of management and leadership and their application to health and social care or children and young people’s settings.
Leadership is about, having a clear vision that is shared with others, providing others with the information/knowledge and methods to realise the vision.
Management is about, organisation and co-ordination of the activity of a business in order to achieve defined objectives.
Managers have the responsibility and power to make decisions and oversee companies.
A leader will be able to think and act creatively in difficult situations.
Leadership unlike management cannot be taught, but can be enhanced by mentoring or coaching.
Hersey and Blanchard 1972, Situational leadership.
Hersey and Blanchard believed that a person’s readiness was the situational characteristic that determined the combination of task and a person’s behavior.
The person’s readiness was a combination of both ability and willingness to perform a task. As willingness and ability increase so does the readiness to complete the task and the combination of task and people behaviours required to most effectively guide them change.
Hersey and Blanchard identified 4 development levels D1-D4 and suggest that leaders should match these with 4 corresponding leadership styles S1-S4.
D1 For people with low competence but high commitment | S1 Directing/TellingTell what, how and when. Monitor closely |
D2 For people with some competence and some commitment | S2 Coaching/SellingExplain, sell and consult. |
D3 For people with high competence and varying commitment | S3 Supporting/EncouragingListen, encourage and facilitate |
D4 For someone with high competence and high commitment | S4 Delegating/EmpoweringGive the freedom to decide |
According to this theory leaders need to adjust their behaviours and style of...