Bungshee Pratibha 1
Miss Tejshree Auckle
1. Write a short introduction about word formation processes. 
In our daily use of language we are often not aware of word formation processes which create, invent, produce or form new words in a language. Most of the times we have no problems with understanding these new words and we know immediately the various forms of that new word and include them all in our vocabulary. Sometimes we may even build them ourselves. This ability to adopt, understand, and use such a new word results from the fact that these word formation processes are based on certain rules and regulations. Thus, these word formation processes are explained in the following and examples are given of how the results of those processes are used in the English language.
Firstly, coinage, one of the least common processes of word formation in English is the creation of a totally new word. This word formation process is not frequent, however large corporations attempt to outdo one another to invent short eye-catching names for their products. Some examples of these could include: aspirin or xerox. Sometimes the products that the companies want to sell simply take over the name of the creator or inventor. In such case the new word is called an eponym. Some well known eponyms include: sandwich, or hoover. They are very frequently used in science where units of measurement are named after people, like: hertz, volt, Celsius.
Compounding, yet another word formation process include two different words which are joined together to denote one thing. For example, flower-pot is a compound made of two words: flower and pot, but it does not denote two things, it refers to one object. Some English compounds include: windmill, waterfall, fingerprint, scarecrow. Compounds are pronounced as one unit, but sometimes difficulties in writing arise: some compounds are written with hyphens: full-time, good-looking; some are written separately: bank account, mini...