Mental Illness Paper
HCA/240 Health and Diseases
Dementia is a loss of mental abilities. Alzheimer’s disease is the most common form of dementia. Alzheimer’s disease is a progressive form of dementia that disrupts the activities of daily living, behaviors, and moods. It slowly destroys memory and thinking skills (Zelman, M., Tompary, E., Raymond, J., Holdaway, P., & Mulvihill, M., 2010).
History of Alzheimer’s Disease
In 1906 Dr. Alois Alzheimer, a German physician, identified a collection of brain cell abnormalities as a disease. One of Dr. Alzheimer’s patients was suffering for years from memory problems, confusion, and difficulty understanding questions. Upon her death, during an autopsy, the doctor found dense deposits, or neurotic plaques around the nerve cells. There were twisted bands of fibers, or neurofibrillary tangles, inside the nerve cells. Scientists discovered a link between the number of plaques and tangles in the brain and cognitive decline in the 1960’s. This caused the medical community to acknowledge Alzheimer’s as a disease. In the 1970’s Alzheimer’s disease was an important area of research. Research was one to find a better understanding of nerve cells. Several drugs were approved to treat the symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease in the 1990’s (American Health Assistance Foundation).
Myths and Misconceptions
Some people believe that Alzheimer’s disease only affects people who are elderly. As you age your chances of developing dementia raises. But, there are people who are young who have developed Alzheimer’s disease. In the 1960’s people thought that aluminum was a contributing factor of Alzheimer’s disease. Some people refused to use their aluminum pots and pans. There is a belief that artificial sweeteners cause Alzheimer’s disease. In 19960 the Food and Drug Administration allowed the use of artificial sweeteners in all beverages. There was a misconception that...