Battle of Midway
Fought around the Central Pacific Island of Midway, this battle was one important battle that decided that controlled the Pacific. Prior to this engagement, the Japanese captured many territories throughout Asia and the Pacific. With this offensive mindset in place, they wanted to control Midway, and turn that location into a sophisticated military installation and use the area to defeat the United States Pacific Fleet. What caused the Japanese to loose this well thought out plan? The focus of this paper is to determine how the outcome of this battle became and the significance of this battle.
On December 1941, the Japanese decided to conduct operations against the United States, the British Commonwealth and the Dutch possessions. According to studies, the attempt to seize Midway was done in two phases. During faze one, the Japanese secured Malaysia, Singapore, the Dutch East Indies, the Philippines and other small islands throughout the central and western Pacific. Match 1942 completed this acquirement of these territories. (1) Phase two’s purpose was to acquire territories in Papua, New Guinea and the Solomon Islands. By the end of March, the Japanese forces acquired the entire north coast of Papua and New Guinea and made the adjustments for the takeover of Midway. (1)
On April 16, Admiral Yamamoto was able to convince the Imperial General Staff to allow the implementation of the take over of Midway during the summer. Admiral Yamamoto wanted to acquire this territory because it would allow the Japanese to pursue its political policies behind an unbreakable defense shield in the Central Pacific. (1) The actual plan was to dispatch a small array of ships towards Alaska, followed by the immediate invasion into Midway. Upon attempt by the United States Naval ships to intervene, the Japanese would have a fleet at an unseen distance, preemptively striking and destroying the complete United States fleet. (1)
The Japanese had a well thought out...