The 10 Percent Theory.
You’ve probably heard that humans only use 10 percent of their brain’s capability. This is simply false. If we only used such a small amount, we would be little more than comatose. While the cerebrum is unnecessary for basic survival responses, we still use far more than 10 percent of our brains.
Just Think Happy Thoughts.
This is a myth perpetuated by a plethora of self-help books. The truth is focusing on solely positive thoughts drains our mental energy, thus allowing the negative thoughts that have us worried to take over our thinking. The best thing to do when we are experiencing pessimistic thoughts is to simply talk it over with a friend, confidant, or professional counselor. The act of letting it out to another person does far more for an individual than forced positive thinking.
Most people watching the Kitty Genovese murder (source of "bystander effect" research) did not offer help.
The infamous murder of Kitty Genovese murder in March of 1964 in front of dozens of passive bystanders stimulated research by social psychologists John Darley and Bibb Latane to investigate the theory of "diffusion of responsibility." Darley and Latane's research showed that the larger the number of bystanders, the less likely any one person is to help. However, the true Genovese story didn't play out quite as described in most intro psych books. In fact, many people tried to help and were unable to do so due to the fact that the deadly assault did not take place right in front of them. Although there still is validity to the bystander effect, its origins in this case are more mythical than real.
People cannot recover from a chronic mental illness such as schizophrenia.
There’s a common belief that severe mental illness cannot be successfully treated. However, If people with schizophrenia receive current treatment during their acute phase, over 40% can recover (i.e. have no symptoms or hospitalizations and at least part-time work) for one...