New Zealand: Working to benefit from trends in global migration.
Modern migration patterns are showing a marked increase in movements of people (in real terms, not as a percentage of population) at global levels (International Organisation for Migration, 2012). Advances in technology mean travel is faster, safer, cheaper and more accessible for the general world population. If we compare methods of movement and barriers to movement between the 1950s and the 2010s we see not only are speed and cost as being of importance but also the freedom of movement has also greatly impacted the ability of people to move between politically separate states (for example the formation of the European Union and the Trans Tasman Travel Arrangement). As noted by Ward and Masgoret “New Zealand has had a relatively short time to accept and respond effectively to its increasing cultural diversity” (2008).
Migration and New Zealand
In the New Zealand context there are definitive moments that have led to marked changes in movements of people. The Trans Tasman Travel Arrangement (announced in 1973) is one such agreement. This effectively allows free movement of New Zealand and Australian nationals between both these nations and allows for employment in most areas (Australian Government, Department of Immigration and Citizenship (2012), New Zealand Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade (2012)). When changes were made to New Zealand immigration policy in 1987 the focus of skills of immigrants became the focus. From this time on applicant credibility and skills, not ethnicity, were in focus. In 1991 a points system was introduced to further define the eligibility of immigrant applicants (Te Ara, The Encyclopedia of New Zealand). Since 1991 there has been ongoing revision and updating of skills that are deemed desirable and in demand. In relation to encouraging highly skilled employees for the New Zealand labour market, extra points are awarded for previous work...