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Notes Essay

  • Submitted by: AlannahMcCann
  • on January 5, 2013
  • Category: English
  • Length: 648 words

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Below is an essay on "Notes" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

Young & Willmott: Symmetrical family
    • ‘March of progress’ approach to family
    • Gradually improving for all its members and becoming more equal.
    • See the rise in nuclear family as a result of social changes taken within the past century such as; changes in women’s position, geographical mobility, new technology and higher standards of living.

Parsons: Instrumental and expressive roles
    • Husband has an instrumental role,   primary source of success at work in order to provide for family. He is the breadwinner.
    • The wife has an expressive role, primary socialisation of the children and towards emotional needs of the family. Homemaker and full-time housewife.

Parsons argues that the division of labour is based on biological differences, with women , ‘naturally’ suited to the nurturing role and men to that of a provider.

    • Young & Willmott (1962) argue that men are now taking a greater share of domestic tasks and wives are becoming wage earners.

    • Feminists reject the division of labour and argue its only beneficial for men.

Feminist view of housework
    • Ann Oakley criticises Young & Willmott’s view that the family is symmetrical. She argues their claims are exaggerated.
    • Mary Boulton (1983) found that fewer than 20% of husbands had a major role in childcare. She argues that Young & Willmott exaggerate men’s contribution by looking at the tasks involved in childcare as responsibilities.

The dual burden
    • Feminists believe men benefit both from women’s earnings and from their domestic labour
    • Ferri & Smith found that increased employment of women outside the home has had little impact on the domestic division of labour. Based on a sample of 1,589 33yr old parents, father took main responsibility for childcare in fewer than 4% of families.

Feminist argue:
    • Inequalities in decision-making are not simply the result of inequalities in earnings.
    • In patriarchal society, the cultural...

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"Notes". Anti Essays. 10 Dec. 2018


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Notes. Anti Essays. Retrieved December 10, 2018, from the World Wide Web: http://parimatch-stavka7.com/free-essays/Notes-383164.html

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