Of the Constitution, Alexander Hamilton, and the Art of the Sale
The Constitution of the United States of America is often called the American Experiment by political powers outside our borders. From the time it was drafted it has been scrutinized by enemies as well as allies, each with their own political agenda on what it means to them both individually and collectively.
Through the drafting of the Constitution the founding Fathers established a federal government that had more power over their sovereign states but cleverly policed itself from any one organized group within that federal body from gaining ultimate authority over all. This was accomplished by developing three branches of government to counter balance: Legislative, Executive and Judicial.
Article 1 of the constitution outlines the Legislative branch, which is composed of the House and Senate; it addresses both their split authority and their election processes. Article 2 addresses the Executive branch of government, which is composed of the President, Vice-President, and the Departments, and appoints the Vice President as head of the Senate. Article 3 of the Constitution set up the Judicial branches of government which is composed of the federal and Supreme Courts. These courts decide on the interpretation and amendments of the Constitution.
Each of these three branches has its own authority and while each of these powers is limited by another branch, it is over-all an efficient design that carries its own household moniker; checks and balances. How was the system of checks and balances designed to protect the welfare of all? While the President does appoint judges and departmental secretaries, these appointments must first be approved by the Senate; and while Congress can pass a law, the President has final say and can veto that law. While the Supreme Court appointed by the President can rule a law to be unconstitutional, Congress, with the States, can amend the Constitution.