MANAGEMENT SCİENCE AND ENGİNEERİNG
Vol. 4, No. 3, 2010, pp. 95-99 www.cscanada.org
ISSN 1913-0341 [Print] ISSN 1913-035X [Online] www.cscanada.net
Opportunities, Challenges and Employment Relative Advantages in the Cooperative Sector in Iran
Mohammad Reza Noruzi1 Jonathan H. Westover2
Abstract: Arguably, the cooperative sector is one of the most important sectors in the structure of a country and its government. Furthermore, as Iran is actively seeking to develop cooperatives in different sectors such as agricultural, construction, sales and export, cooperatives in the Iranian context are important to study. This paper aims to study the opportunities, challenges and employment advantages in the cooperative sector in Iran. Keywords: Cooperative; Iran; Opportunities; Challenges
Changes in market conditions and competitive environment changes in the world economy have caused organizations to restructure their sales, marketing and strategic activities to manage the shifting economic conditions better (Bijman and et al, 2000). The world market for developing countries has undergone significant changes in the last couple of decades (OECD, 1997; Bigsten, 2007). Global Competition has increased, consumers have become more demanding, technology has made transport and storage more efficient and the retail business has become much more concentrated (Bijman et al, 2000). One possible response to these global economic changes is the use of a different organizational option for firms: the cooperative. Cooperatives have unique properties, including authority and decision making rights distribution that involves management problems and transaction costs. These structures create equity rights and risk transfers that directly affect these organizations' self-management efficiency and related advantages (Neto, 2004). This paper first discusses the history of cooperatives and then the relationship between cooperative use, economic conditions, and the...