Table of Contents
How the research was completed1
Theoretical framework to support and detract the thesis1
Definition of a gang1
Definition of organized crime1
The subculture theory1
The subculture of violence theory2
The flaws of the research4
The strength in the research4
How this research should influence policy4
Research to further the debate5
The criminal propensities of motorcycle enthusiasts, who belong to Outlaw Motorcycle Clubs, produce the formation of a type of subculture gang, who engage in organized crime for profit.
How the Research was Completed
Tom Barker the author of the article “American Based Biker Gangs: International Organized Crime” uses various sources of research to illustrate how Outlaw Motorcycle Clubs are gangs who engage in organized crime. His main source of evidence is the use of accredited scholar’s academic writings and other source documents related to the topic. Also he reinforces his ideas through the use of government documents and press releases which state actual legal convictions and guilty pleas Outlaw Motorcycle Club members have faced.
Theoretical framework to Support and Detract the Thesis
Definition of a Gang:
Walter Miller associates gangs by their nature of violence and the engagement of illegal activities:
"a group of recurrently associating individuals with identifiable leadership and internal organization, identifying with or claiming control over territory in the community, and engaging either individually or collectively in violent or other forms of illegal behavior (Walter)."
Definition of Organized Crime:
In the United States the Federal Bureau of Investigation defines organized crime as “any group having some manner of a formalized structure and whose primary objective is to obtain money through illegal activities. Such groups maintain their position through the use of actual or...