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Orofacial Myofunctional Disorders Essay

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Below is an essay on "Orofacial Myofunctional Disorders" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

Orofacial myofunctional disorders (OMD) pertain to a variety of functional disorders of the face particularly involving the function and muscles of the tongue, lips, cheeks and jaw.   The key distinguishing trait is a protruding tongue with thrusting movement.   Tongue thrust refers to the tongue resting against the front or side of teeth while swallowing instead of lifting up into the palate.   It is prevalent to see this protruding thrusting tongue in infancy and in about ½ of first graders; however, as time progresses it should gradually go away.   To elaborate on orofacial myofunctional disorders, I will include a brief history of how OMD was discovered, how it is caused, how it is diagnosed, related signs and symptoms, treatment and finally the complications OMD may have on a persons’ life.  
We can track orofacial myofunctional disorder therapy in the United States back to 1906 in which Alfred Rodgers experimented with facial muscle exercises.   He remarked that muscle function alone would correct dental misalignment. In 1907, an orthodontist by the name of Edward H. Angle wrote an article on the effects habits have on dental alignment.   The habits such as digit sucking, chewing gums and grinding teeth could cause misalignment.   In 1925, Harvey Stallard, researched 7,000 children on sleep position. He found that during a child’s early years, sleeping on the face could result in misalignment of their teeth resulting in OMD. Weston Price, in the 1930s, researched primitive versus traditional cultures of people all over the world, examining what they ate and their oral health. He discovered that the primitive cultures have less dental disease and better dental alignment.   Lastly, Walter Straub, an orthodontist in the 1960s, research showed bottle-feeding to have an effect on dental alignment leading to orofacial myofunctional disorders.   Most currently, Hahn and Hahn, in 1992, researched the long-term effects of therapy on 98 children five years after orofacial...

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