“Pampolona in July”
In Earnest Hemingway’s “Pamplona in July”, the repetition of a few key words helps create the environment of the wild city if Pamplona. “Dark” and “old” are the two most prevalent examples. These repeated adjectives make the reader feel as though the city’s bull fighting is a deep-seeded tradition. The colors red and yellow are also prominent. Red signifies danger as well as the color of a matador’s cape, whereas Pamplona is described simply as a yellow town. This creates vivid imagery of a hot, dry, sandy village. The two are symbolically linked in the tenth paragraph: “The yellow and red Spanish flag blowing in the morning wind.” The repetition of these key words works very well, conjuring up images of a wild ad dusty Spanish town that is experiencing an old, very important tradition.
Another important element in Hemingway’s essay is the flow of his writing, especially in the first five paragraphs. The way writes flows along much in the same way music does. For instance in the third paragraph Hemingway describes “Really beautiful girls, gorgeous, bright shawls over their shoulders, dark, dark-eyed, black-lace mantillas over their hair, walk with their escorts in crowds that pass from morning until night along the narrow walk that runs between inner and outer belts of cafe tables under the shade of the arcade out of the white glare of the Plaza de la Constitucion.” The music is described as “pounding and throbbing,” and “stick came whirling and whishing.” This lyrical yet energetic quality of the prose helps us to envision the exciting music being performed and the quick-paced nature of the Spanish language. I believe the repetitions are effective in that regard - it also makes the story interesting to read.
A Hundred Thousand Straightened Nails
In Donald Hall’s A Hundred Thousand Straightened Nails, the single repetition of a phrase proves to be a pivotal moment in the story. Halfway through the story we learn...