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Pharm Notes Essay

  • Submitted by: klemanaz2
  • on January 7, 2013
  • Category: Arts and Music
  • Length: 1,013 words

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Below is an essay on "Pharm Notes" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

Ch 50- Acid Controlling drugs

Antacids- Neutralize stomach acids
-Aluminum Salts- constipating effects, often used w/ magnesium to counteract, often used with patients with renal disease (easily excreted)
-Magnesium salts- commonly cause diarrhea
-Calcium salts- may cause constipation and kidney stones, long duration of acid action,
-Sodium Bicarbonate- quick onset, short duration. May cause metabolic alkalosis, sodium content may cause problems w/ patients w/ HF hypertension

Give meds 1-2 hours after antacid

Antiflatulents- drugs: Simethicone, Activated Charcoal

H2 Antagonists- reduce acid secretion
Cimetidine (Tagament)- Binds with P-450, resulting in increased drug levels
Ranitidine (Zantac)
Smoking decreases effectiveness of h2 blockers

Proton Pump Inhibitors-   achlorhydria—ALL gastric acid secretion is temporarily blocked
Used for GERD maintenance therapy, Erosive esophagitis, Short-term treatment of active duodenal and benign gastric ulcers, Zollinger-Ellison syndrome, Treatment of H. pylori–induced ulcers.
Proton pump inhibitors often work best when taken 30 to 60 minutes before meals

Omeprazole (Prilosec)
Pantoprazole (Protonix)- specifically indicated treatment of h pylori, may increase bleeding with warfarin.

Other drugs:
Sucralfate (Carafate)-   forming a protective barrier over ulcers, give other drugs at least 2 hours before sucralfate, may be used in chronic renal failure to reduce phosphate levels

Misoprostol (Cytotec)- Used for prevention of NSAID-induced gastric ulcers, Protect gastric mucosa from injury by enhancing local production of mucus

Ch 51- Bowel Disorder Drugs

Antidiarrheals-
-Adsorbents: Coat walls of GI tract, bind to causative bacteria or toxin then eliminated through stool. Examples: bismuth subsalicylate (Pepto-Bismol). Increased bleeding time.   Blue Gums, Tinnitis, hearing loss, dark stools. Decreased absorption of digoxin, clindamycin, quinidine, hypoglycemic drugs. NO PEPTO BISMOL TO...

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Pharm Notes. Anti Essays. Retrieved December 18, 2018, from the World Wide Web: http://parimatch-stavka7.com/free-essays/Pharm-Notes-384154.html


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