Unit One: Text Questions
1. Why is philosophy sometimes defined as “thinking about thinking”?
Philosophy is sometimes defined as “thinking about thinking”, because Philosophy isn’t about theories and facts. It’s about thinking. Philosophers are full of wonder and always asking questions.
2. What is metaphysics? What is an example of a metaphysical question?
Metaphysics is the branch of philosophy that focuses on questions about being. It’s the study of the nature of existence.
3. What are some questions that philosophers ask about knowledge?
Philosophers ask questions about knowledge like, what is knowledge, how do we acquire knowledge, what do we really know, these questions fall into the category of epistemology.
4. Why is logic important in philosophy?
Logic means analyzing the structure of arguments to determine whether they are valid. Logic is important, because it can help you determine the validity of syllogisms and other arguments.
5. State two benefits of studying philosophy.
One benefit you get from philosophy is becoming more tolerant and flexible, as well as seeing the world from new perspectives.
Critical Thinking Questions
1. Describe Rodin’s sculpture The Thinker. Why does it look like a philosopher?
The sculpture The Thinker in my opinion looks like a philosopher, because he is sitting on a rock with his chin resting on one hand as if he’s in a deep thought. Philosophers are critical thinkers and this sculpture looks like one philosopher looks like.
2. Think of an ethical question that might arise in your own life. What are two possible answers to the question? Which answer do you think is better?
An ethical question that might arise is my life could be, “What should I do?”. Two possible answers to these questions could be “Nothing.”, or “Everything/ anything you can.” I think the better answer is “Everything/ anything you can.”.
3. Give an example of a valid syllogism. Explain why the conclusion is...