The History of Phlebotomy
The act of drawing blood from a patient’s veins, arteries, or capillaries for laboratory collection or blood transfusion, is called phlebotomy. This is done by making a small puncture in the body with a needle. Collecting urine and feces samples to detect blood is also done by phlebotomist. Phlebotomy began in the eighteenth century, but up until the mid nineteenth century it was called blood-letting.
“Phlebotomy technology has made huge strides in its history overall, and the latter half of the twentieth century and first decade of the twenty first century has seen it evolve into an ever more refined, well controlled, and comfortable experience for the phlebotomist and patient alike”. http://www.certphlebotomytraining.com/the-evolution-of-phlebotomy-technology-in-the-last-10-years/ The art of collecting of blood has become safer, efficient, cleaner, and accurate. [ For instance, in 1970, , blood was taken from patients with simple syringes and put into test tubes for any analysis that was going to be conducted]. After blood was collected, the hospital staff had to add citrate or EDTA to the blood sample not to coagulate (bind together). In 1980, the first plastic evacuated tube was created by a medical supply company by the name of Greiner Bio. http://www.certphlebotomytraining.com/the-evolution-of-phlebotomy-technology-in-the-last-10-years/
With the healthcare industry rising and the baby boomers are aging, phlebotomist are always needed. To keep down the wait time in labs and outpatient labs, phlebotomist will always a role in the healthcare field.