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Physics Solutions Essay

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Below is an essay on "Physics Solutions" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

Chapter 21 The Electric Field 1: Discrete Charge Distributions
Conceptual Problems
1 • Objects are composed of atoms which are composed of charged particles (protons and electrons); however, we rarely observe the effects of the electrostatic force. Explain why we do not observe these effects. Determine the Concept The net charge on large objects is always very close to zero. Hence the most obvious force is the gravitational force. 2 • A carbon atom can become a carbon ion if it has one or more of its electrons removed during a process called ionization. What is the net charge on a carbon atom that has had two of its electrons removed? (a) +e, (b) – e, (c) +2e, (d) –2e Determine the Concept If two electrons are removed from a carbon atom, it will have a net positive charge of +2e. (c ) is correct. 3 •• You do a simple demonstration for your high school physics teacher in which you claim to disprove Coulomb’s law. You first run a rubber comb through your dry hair, then use it to attract tiny neutral pieces of paper on the desk. You then say ″Coulomb’s law states that for there to be electrostatic forces of attraction between two objects, both objects need to be charged. However, the paper was not charged. So according to Coulomb’s law, there should be no electrostatic forces of attraction between them, yet there clearly was.″ You rest your case. (a) What is wrong with your assumptions? (b) Does attraction between the paper and the comb require that the net charge on the comb be negative? Explain. Determine the Concept (a) Coulomb’s law is only valid for point particles. The paper bits cannot be modeled as point particles because the paper bits become polarized. (b) No, the attraction does not depend on the sign of the charge on the comb. The induced charge on the paper that is closest to the comb is always opposite in sign to the charge on the comb, and thus the net force on the paper is always attractive. 4 •• You have a positively charged insulating rod and two...

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