Policy Analysis III Compare and Contrast
When students are absent from school it denies them education; whether the absences are excused or unexcused. Unexcused absences, according to the California Legislature defines truancy as follows; if “a student missing more than 30 minutes of instruction without an excuse three times during the school year must be classified as truant and reported to the proper school authority (CDE, 2011) p. 1. Unexcused absences results in a loss of state and federal funding providing for student education. Some believe students who are unsupervised more often get involved in criminal behaviors. Other behaviors from students such as day time loitering in residential neighborhoods, local businesses, and other schools, may become a detriment of the community. Furthermore, as a result of truancy from students this becomes a burden on local law enforcement who must return them to school. From this, city councils believe special needs exists for the institution of a truancy ordinance that prohibits minors under the age of eighteen who is subject to compulsory education or continuation education to loiter within areas of public or private neighborhoods, alleys, parks, unsupervised school campuses, between normal school day hours consisting of but not limited to 7:30 am until 4:00 pm on days when school is in session (CDE, 2011). However one must also keep in mind, truancy laws also apply to parents. Therefore, parents are held accountable when his or her student violates various policies. The California education codes defines the roles of law enforcement, prosecution and courts, corrections, and the difference between the federal and state roles as they apply to truancy laws.
The Role of Law Enforcement
The role of law enforcement is critical during the intervention phase for students who are habitually truant or for those who have irregular attendance. Law enforcement is responsible for citing these students and referring them to...