Poverty is defined as the state of one who lacks a certain amount of material possessions or money. Eszter Siposne. N (2011) highlights that absolute concepts of poverty assume that minimum material needs can be defined regardless of space and time, and those who are not able to satisfy these needs are considered to be poor. This document also then defines relative poverty as being below certain threshold. World health organisation (WHO, 2011) defines relative poverty contextually as economic inequality in the location or society in which people live. The report also reported that the lower an individual’s socioeconomic position, the worse their health becomes
One of the effect of poverty on health as described by (Marmot et al 2010), is health inequality. This report highlighted some key findings, amongst which are that people living in the poorest areas of England die seven years earlier than most in the most affluent areas. Also the report stated that one in four deaths of infants under the age of one would be avoided if all births had the same level of risks as infants born to those women who are least disadvantaged. It was also noted that there exist a strong social gradient associated with the prevalence of post natal depression.
Eszter Siposne. N (2011) Subjective Poverty and Its Relation to Objective Poverty
Concepts in Hungary Soc Indic Res 102:537–556
Marmot, M Atkinson, T Bell J et al (2010) Fair society, healthy live. The Marmot review, Marmot review team, university college London
World Health organization (2011) social determinants of health: Key concepts, commission on social determinants of health, world health organisation.