Given the young age of this child, Clara, I would gather most of the information I need from her adoptive parents, who are her primary caregiver. Clara is only four years old and I would not want to question her in a manner that may frighten her or make her believe that she is sick. She does not understand her adoptive status, so it would be best to conduct these interviews in her absence. I would inquire about Clara’s age at adoption. I would want to know if she was raised at all by her biological parents or any other family members. I would inquire about Clara’s knowledge of her adoptive status. I would ask if her peers know of her adoption. Clara presents as a quiet, polite child. I would ask if her mood is often solemn and how she acts in the presence of new individuals.
I can gather additional idiographic information for the adoptive parents to provide prior to interviewing Clara. This information would include the first time that they noticed behavior changes in her. These changes would include her reticence to go to preschool, her eating patterns and sleeping patterns. These changes can sometimes be normal. I would find out if there is any pattern to her tantrums, seeing if they match certain activities. These questions have to be approached in a compassionate manner so that the parents do not have to be guarded in their answers. Breaking up the questioning with more casual conversation will help them to remain relaxed throughout the interviews.
Other information would revolve around the parent’s marital status and their relationship. The atmosphere that they provide for Clara would be very important to know about to see what she is experiencing in her home environment. I would also inquire about their interactions with Clara’s teachers and any information they can provide about her work at school. I want to know how they spend their time with Clara and what they do together that is constructive activity....