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Psychological Disorders and Treatmen Essay

  • Submitted by: GerardoAlmonte1
  • on August 4, 2015
  • Category: Psychology
  • Length: 849 words

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Below is an essay on "Psychological Disorders and Treatmen" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

Psychological Disorders and Treatment

Gerardo almonte


July 27, 2015
University of Phoenix

Psychological Disorders and Treatment

According to the SAGE Glossary of Social and Behavioral Sciences a psychological disorder is defined as “a condition in which a person's thoughts, feelings, or behavior are thought to be in some way dysfunctional.” Psychological disorders are sometimes complex and must meet a certain criteria before being official categorized as a psychological disorder. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, also known as the DSM-IV, includes over 300 manifestations of mental illness also called psychological disorders.
Seasonal Affective Disorder
      ACCORDING to Med lexicon’s medical dictionary, Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD) is: “A DEPRESSIVE mood disorder that occurs at approximately the same time year after year and spontaneously remits at the same time each year." Seasonal Affective Disorder is more prevalent in areas farther away from the equator where there is a lack of sunlight. Individuals who live where seasonal variations of sunlight intensity occur are more likely to develop SAD. Approximately six percent of the U.S. population is affected by SAD and another 14 percent suffer from a milder form of SAD called winter blues. Individuals with a family history of depression or who have family members who suffer from SAD are more likely to suffer from SAD themselves. Some symptoms of SAD include craving starchy food, weight gain, and drop in energy LEVEL, fatigue, tendency to oversleep, difficulty concentrating, irritability, and avoidance of social situations (Seasonal Affective Disorder, 2000). There is treatment for SAD the most common treatment is LIGHT therapy. The theory is that SAD is caused by a lack of sunlight. Light therapy is a substitute for natural sunlight and may help relieve symptoms of SAD. Other forms of treatment include anti-depressant...

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