2005 Question 2
With the power to tax and spend, the federal power has increased. It has allowed government to add more tax than the original constitution intended to allow, therefore collecting more money, and give them more power. The commerce clause has increased the federal power of the Congress. The Congress has created many new federal regulations such as the Interstate Commerce Act in 1887 and the Sherman Antitrust Act in 1890 because of the quickening of the industrial revolution. Acts such as the Clean Air Act allows more power to the federal government relative to the states because it gives the government more power to control areas where they were not intended to supervise. The Civil Rights Act of 1964 has given more power to the federal government because the act made it possible for the government to control all the states to outlaw segregation and allow for equal job opportunities.
2007 Question 4
Federalism is the constitutional division of power between the national and state government. Selective incorporation has been used to increase the power of the federal government relative to the states because federal courts can overturn state and local practices. Also the federal mandate has increased the power of the federal government to the states because federal government tells states what policies to implement. The Tenth Amendment has been used to increase the power of the states relative to the federal government because it reserves power to the states and to the people also it is being used to argue that power should be returned to the states. The Welfare Reform Act of 1996 has given states the power and money to run their own welfare program therefore increasing power of the states.