a) Explain the concept of relativist ethics. (25 marks)
b) ‘Relativist Ethics are unfair’ Discuss. (10 marks)
Relativist ethics can be described as the belief that nothing is objectively right or wrong and that the definitions of right or wrong depend upon the prevailing view of a particular individual, culture, or even the politics of the area. People do not always agree on what ‘s right and what’s wrong. For example, in some cultures it may be acceptable for a man to have more than one wife, while in other cultures this would be seen to be immoral, and even a crime. Different cultures express different moral codes of conduct and relative ethics allows all the different circumstances and cultures to be put into prospective when analyzing whether an action would be intrinsically good or bad. In relative ethics, it avoids judging one culture against another as it is tolerant. To a relativist, there are no universal truths, and because of this then there are no objective standards by which one culture can judge another. No one culture is better than another. Such a non-judgmental approach, that accepts all cultures as morally equal, is seen as furthering tolerance. Many believe that nowadays we should understand different societies and cultures and accept the diversity of the world. Due to our postmodern age, a feature of it is the rejection of universal truths. The diversity of cultures and of world faiths has meant that there has been a growing awareness of a wide variety of worldviews. This has resulted in the change that only one culture or religion has the answers. As many people are becoming more and more inclusive as apposed to exclusivist, the view that we should accept different cultures is becoming more popular. Relativism sits comfortably against our modern background, since it acknowledges this diversity. Relativist ethics holds different views to Absolutism ethics. Absolutism is an objective moral rule or value that is always true...