It is generally agreed that the enhanced deployment of renewable energies sources (RES)
is a crucial measure for the improvement of environmental protection and the enhanced
security of energy supply. In this context, the European Union has set defined objectives
within the Green Paper “Towards a European strategy for the security of energy supply”
from 1997 to increase the share of renewable energy of total energy consumption from
6 % in 1997 to 12 % in 2010 (EU15).
The potential contribution to innovation, economic growth and creation of new jobs is another
aspect, which has gained importance in the debate on renewable energies. More
than 100.000 new jobs that have been created in the German renewable energy industry
during the last 10 years raise hope that the renewable energy industry could be a job motor
for many countries in the EU.
Thus, it seems at first sight that renewable energies can guarantee both – protection of
the environment and economic growth and job creation. Therefore, the deployment of renewable
energies seems to be the ideal solution to achieve the goals set in the Lisbon
Agenda - i.e. environment, economic growth and job creation.
To identify those policy measures which can contribute to the attainment of these goals by
the promotion of renewable energies, a close and critical look on the assumptions concerning
the advantages of RES is inevitable. First of all, this requires a good understanding
of the influence of RES on the environment and the macroeconomic effects of the
promotion of RES. Chapter 2 and 3 are dedicated to these two aspects whereas the policy
instruments for the promotion of RES are presented and assessed with regard to specific
criteria of success in chapter 4. This chapter also includes a paragraph where the dispute
on quotas versus feed-in tariffs is illuminated due to the current discussion. This chapter is
completed by the presentation of the development of the promotion of wind...