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Rietveld, Red and Blue Chair ( 1918 ) Essay

  • Submitted by: AgnesMaksymiuk
  • on January 5, 2013
  • Category: Arts and Music
  • Length: 993 words

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Below is an essay on "Rietveld, Red and Blue Chair ( 1918 )" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

Gerrit Thomas Rietveld (1888-1964)

Gerrit Rietveld left a remarkable legacy in a design, art and architecture world. His amazing adventure with design that enabled him to create iconic pieces began quite early. When he was 12 he started to work as a cabinetmaker in his father's furniture workshop in Holland. In 1911 he started his own cabinet-making firm, which he maintained for eight years. In this same period, he studied architecture. His career as an independent architect began after that time, exactly in 1919.

Gerrit Rietveld sitting on the first prototype of the chair in front of his workshop in Utrecht, 1918.

Gerrit Rietveld sitting on the first prototype of the chair in front of his workshop in Utrecht, 1918.
De Stijl

In that time he participated in the Dutch artistic movement called De Stjil, that approach was based on the:

    Rejected organic nature, promote geometric abstract art
    Forms reduced to the horizontal and vertical elements
    Utilized only the essential basic colors
    Precise and forceful division of space
    The ultimate simplicity in design solutions

In a way becoming a group membership Rietveld came in contact with various architects associated with the modern Dutch movement. He also had opportunity to know Mondrian paintings, that inspired him to do experiments with the colors. The connection between these two artists seems to be quite clear, because Rietveld’s designs look like a three-dimensional realization of a Mondrian paintings.
The Colors

What was very mature and sensible, his motivation was not to rebel against the old, but to create something that could express the essential spirit of the age. He didn’t know what exactly the appearance of the new was, but he analyzed a visual perception and reduced it to elementary colors, forms and space. The essential basic colors were red, blue, and yellow—along with the non-colors, which are black and white. Compositions were balanced through the contrasting...

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