1. The Arab-Israel war conflict roots back to the political tension and military conflicts between certain Arab countries and Israel due to rise of Zionism and Arab nationalism at the end of 19th century. The sectarian conflict between Palestinian Jews and Arabs emerged in the early 20th century, peaking into a full-scale civil war in 1947 and transforming into the First Arab-Israeli War in May 1948 following the Declaration of the Establishment of the State of Israel. Another war was also fought on Suez Canal issue in 1956.
Historical Background of 1967 Arab-Israel War
2. The Six-Day War was caused by an erroneous information given to Egyptian president Gamal Abdel Nasser from the Soviet intelligence services that Israel was gathering troops near the Israeli-Syrian border. On 14 May 1967 Mohamed Fawzi (Egyptian military general) left for Syria for one day tour for verification but the Soviet report was found false. But President Nasser still declared full mobilization of forces. The Egyptian further steps were stationing of 100,000 Egyptian troops at the Sinai Peninsula with expulsion of UN peacekeeping forces along the border with Israel.
Israeli Air Strategy during War
3. On 05 June, 1967, at 0745 hrs, the Israeli Air Force (IAF) executed a preemptive surprise air attack which completely destroyed the Egyptian Air Force (EAF) and established air superiority over Egypt. The 10 formations each of four aircraft operating in pairs, stuck the ten most important airfields. 10 Israeli aircraft bombed and strafed all airfields simultaneously each flight spent 10 minutes over its target enough time for a bomb attack and few strafing run. As soon as the first wave broke off, the second attacked the airfield for further 10 minutes. Following a 10 minute pause, IAF launched a second eighty long series of strikes on the same air bases. Turn-around time on the ground for a fighter bomber was reduced to 7 to 10 minutes. The IAF commander,...