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Roles and Functions Essay

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Role and Functions of Law
Kristen Edwards
LAW 421
September 10, 2012
Thomas Glenz

Role and Functions of Law
      What are laws and how does it pertain to the people’s lives? According to Merriam-Webster’s collegiate dictionary, law means, “a rule of conduct or action prescribed or formally recognized as binding or enforced by a controlling authority.” It is a system of rules set by the Legislative branch of the government. This branch consists of the Congress that which is separated into two houses: the House and the Senate. The members of the Congress are responsible for passing the laws. The executive branch is composed of the President and the Cabinet. This branch is responsible for carrying out the tasks that had been set forth by Congress.
      The law serves many roles in our society and businesses for our protection. There is three main classifications of laws that pertain to our society and businesses such as Criminal and Civil law, Substantive and Procedural law, and Public and Private law.
      Criminal law is “prosecution by the government of a person for an act that has been classified as a crime” (Legal Information Institute, 2010). Civil law refers to the body of laws in dispute between individuals instead of offenses that relate to the government that which is criminal law. With criminal law, a person who commits a crime, such as murder or rape is prosecuted by the government with either fines or imprisonment or both.   Civil law will pertain to individuals who have a dispute with, say a neighbor about a fence on the property line. The civil suit will take place between the individuals and their lawyers but not taken to court.
      Substantive law and procedural law is another category within the law. Substantive law refers to creating and defining rights and duties. Procedural law is the body of legal rules that govern the process for determining the rights of parties. Substantive law refers to the public and private law that which...

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