ASSIGNMENT NO 1
1. The “law” can be defined as the only body of rules governing human conduct that is recognized by the state and that can be enforced.
2. Legal rules are rules of human conduct and are normative rules that determine how people should behave and interact with other people.
Legal rules are sanctioned by the state and distinguish them from other normative rules; the distinction is to be found in the authority that ensures submission or obedience of the rules.
2.1 The Child Justice Act 75 of 2008 defines a “child” as any person under the age of 18 years and, in certain circumstances, means a person who is 18 years or older but under the age of 21 years.
2.2 The special protection factors are:
-Not to be detained, except as a measure of last resort, and, if detained, only for a shortest appropriate period of time.
- To be kept separately from adults, and to separate boys from girls, while in detention.
- To be treated in a manner and kept in conditions that takes account of the child’s age.
- To family, parental or appropriate alternative care.
- To be protected from maltreatment, neglect, abuse or degradation, and not to be subjected to practices that could endanger the child’s wellbeing, education, physical or mental health, or spiritual, moral or social development.
3.1 Attorneys are the general practitioners of the legal protection; an attorney has a direct contact with the client and undertakes day-to-day business, such as giving legal advices, drawing up legal documents and conducting cases in court.
- Advocates mostly specialize in litigation that is in arguing the client’s case in court.
3.2 - Failure to give proper attention to the case or failure to prepare it adequately.
- Failure to answer letters or to follow instructions.
- The charging of exorbitant fees.