Segregation of HIV Positive Inmates
The United States prison population increased drastically over the last 20 years where approximately two million people are currently incarcerated in jails or prisons. The latest data reported by the Bureau of Justice (Maruschak 2) revealed that there are 21,462 HIV positive prisoners incarcerated in federal and state prisons in the US. During, mid 1980s HIV and AIDs “were not fully understood by scientists, policymaker’s and medical personnel” (Human Rights Watch); therefore correctional departments created and implemented very restrictive policies regarding HIV prisoners. It is believed that these early restrictions contributed to the current isolation of the HIV population. Furthermore, HIV prisoners are discriminated against treated immorally and denied opportunities granted to other prisons. Therefore, it is unethical to segregate HIV positive inmates base solely on their medical status; every prisoner have the right to proper housing according to their security classification and should be allowed to participate in all in-prison programs.
HUMAN RIGHTS VIOLATIONS
Confidentiality / Informed Consent. A large number of prisoner’s rights are being violated do the lack of confidentiality and the improper disclosure of their HIV status to others outside of the medical profession. Every, inmate have a right to expect confidentiality but these right are being violated because of the improper management of the HIV medical care program in the various correctional facilities. HIV prisoners positive housed in Alabama and South Carolina must wear “certain armbands, badges or other marker” (Turkewitz) signifying their status even when they enter a visiting areas. Visitors in one state’s prison visiting room “recognized the armband worn by John S. and asked if he had HIV” the inmates medical status was disclosed although he had not volunteered the disclosure of this information to anyone. The disclosure of an inmate’s...