Sir Frederick Grant Banting was a Canadian physician, physiologist,
and Nobel winner in 1923 for the discovery of the hormone insulin, used in
Banting was born November 14, 1891, on a farm near Alliston, Ontario.
The death of his friend made him having the desire to be a doctor. However,
his father was a devoutly religious man, and hoped that Frederick would
become minister. After he graduated from high school, the conflicts with
his parents begun. His parents finally persuaded him to enrol in the
liberal art course at Victoria College, Ontario. In 1910, he and his
cousin Fred Hipwell began their studies at Victoria College.
However, Banting's mind was still on medicine. After several
arguments with his parents, he entered the University of Toronto Medical
School in the fall of 1912. His cousin quoted, "He was a steady,
industrious student. He had no top marks or even honor standing, but there
never was any doubt that he would pass."
World War I
While he was still in school, World War I started. In the spring of
1915, his name was enlisted in the Canadian Army. However, his commanding
officer, arranged him for his education. Hours after the successful
completion of his final exams in December 1916, he was back in uniform.
Within a few months, he was serving in the Canadian Army Hospital at
Ramsgate, England. He then voluntarily transferred to the front line near
Cambrai, France because he felt he was not doing enough. He used his
intelligence to capture three fully armed Germans without any use of
weapons! This earned a rank of the Captain.
He kept working at the frontline. On the morning of September 28,
1918, a shell burst close by and a piece of shrapnel buried itself in
Banting's right arm. It was so bad that a doctor informed him that they
had to amputate his arm. However, he refused, He did an operation to
himself. Even though it was a long,...