Leadership styles consist of a pattern of behaviors that are used to influence people. An effective management style uses a set of behaviors that meet the needs of employers. A good leader should focus on the needs of an individual for accomplishing a specific task. When a leader is flexible to making adaptations to situations, the more successful one becomes in leadership. Empirical studies support there is no style that is necessarily the best or normative.
Leaders have predominant styles that influence his or her values and choices. A leader’s influence should be based on their expertise and relationship with others. Successful leaders need to consider a particular situation and adapt their leadership styles to fit the demands of their environment. Effective leadership is dependable on a particular situation.
Situational leadership is a theory developed by Paul Hersey and Ken Blanchard. The theory was introduced as “Life Cycle Theory of Leadership.” During the mid 1970’s, the “Life Cycle Theory of Leadership” was renamed “Situational Leadership” theory. Situational leadership provides a model for leaders to use in diagnosing the particular needs of people and then apply it to the appropriate leadership style. Situational leadership is leadership that involves the change in approach that a leader must take into consideration the day-to-day challenges of a work environment. It is the ability to adjust one’s leadership style to any change in the work environment. It also involves examining a situation to determine the best course of action. Situation leaders adjust how to approach the different personality traits of the people they are leading. Every person views a situation from a different perspective. Leaders must not overreact to everyday problems, but at the same time be prepared to respond to emerging situations effectively and objectively.
According to Paul Hersey, leaders are in the business “of influencing someone to do...