HOW THE GOVERNMENT AND SOCIOLOGIST MEASURE SOCIAL CLASS
The social class classification officially began in Britain in 1851 but in 1887 the Assistant Registrar General conceptualised the idea, that from mortality analysis the population could be grouped based on social standings. It was only in 1911 that the government realise the idea of occupation and industry were so distinct that a question on both were put on the census that year. From the 1911 census a report was published in 1913 which included a summary of occupations designed to represent social grades. This summary of social grades was later changed to social classes and were used for the analysis of mortality data.
T H C Stevenson, a medical statistician in the General Register Office was the person responsible for the social class scheme in 1913. Stevenson saw society divided in three basic groups, upper, middle and working classes and between the middle and working classes added three industrial groups for those working in mining, textiles and agriculture.
Government and Sociologist allocate individuals to social classes on the basis of their wealth, income and occupation. People with a relatively low income, working in a manual job and with limited personal wealth is considered working class. People with higher incomes working in non-manual jobs and with considerable personal wealth is described as middle class. People with very high incomes working in non-manual jobs and those with no occupation but who receive high incomes from their high level of invested wealth may be described as upper class. Presently the classes are group as below:
Professional etc occupations
Managerial and Technical occupations
University of surrey (July 1995), (Official Social Classifications in the UK), available at :...