Urban Sociology 224
Due: October 10, 2012
1. Population Density and Urbanization. Throughout these few weeks of urban sociology, I have learned a lot of material that has allowed me to look at urban life differently, as well as apply these aspects to everyday life. In the first few weeks, we learned about urbanities, urbanization, and what makes an area urban. The term urban is not defined by density, but by population. Areas that are heavily populated in a relatively small space would be considered more dense, or more urban than areas in which the populations are more spread out. Taking a number of inhabitants, and dividing that number per square mile would calculate the population density of a given area, and ultimately determine how "urban" that area is. 2. Behavioral Sink. Another great concept I learned within these few weeks is behavioral sink. Behavioral sink is described as the negative change in behavior associated with overcrowding, or an over population of an area. When areas become extremely densely populated, people may resist and become aggressive. This generally happens when there too many people in too little of a space, and usually results in an increase of violent crimes, an increase of stress, and an increase in aggression. 3. City Growth. In this course we learned about how cities began, and how they maintained growth. A major contribution to the growth of cities was the agricultural revolution. Advances in agriculture allowed for surplus food, surplus food then allowed a community to support a larger population. These factors helped move nomadic societies away from hunting and gathering and into a new life of heavy agriculture. Another contribution to city growth is yet another revolution, an industrial one. The industrial revolution was an immense amount of advancement in technology, which led older populations even further into city growth. 4. Robert E. Park. An...