Spatial inequality is a major geographical issue affecting the whole world, including Australia. It describes where unequal amounts of resources and services are not distributes evenly among an area or location. It is the differences in communities e.g. income, occupation, housing and even access to facilities and infrastructure (hospitals, school and public transport).
One of the main impacts of spatial inequality is the increase in poverty among particular groups such as Indigenous people, ethnic groups and females. A survey was taken in 2013, showing that 2.8 million people in Australia were living in poverty. Consequently, the lack of education means that there will be fewer job opportunities for people, resulting in low income and individuals find it hard to pay off taxes, bills etc. Many citizens are affected by spatial inequality, especially the lower paid. They struggle to sustain themselves and live in poverty as a result of the increase of spatial inequality. This is the case in most parts of Western Australia, rural Queensland and even Sydney.
This is related to the process of people moving out of a community in search of work or an improved standard of living. In Sydney, there have been an increasing number of people moving towards the city and as a result, the split between Sydney’s the North and North East and the South and South West is becoming more prominent. In the South and South West there is more chance of inequality as it is further from the city and facilities. Access to public transport is fairly limited and employment options can also be restricted. Those residents of the north and north east suburbs of Sydney have much higher access to public transport and facilities such as schools, hospitals and specialist medical attention. Also, access to employment is also much higher as the proximity to Sydney CBD is much closer.
Due to the work opportunities in large cities, most productive workers in the poorer rural areas such as Yuendumu in...