Stress is defined as, according to Selye (1979), the body’s non-specific response to a demand placed on it. However, this definition does not describe stress thoroughly as it doesn’t include the effect of poverty, racism or lifelong disability. It only includes events that cause changes in life. There is another definition of stress by McEwen (2000), in which stress is defined as event(s) that are interpreted as threatening to an individual and which elicit physiological and behavioral responses.
Coping is defined as cognitive and behavioral responses to stress that are aimed at lessening or managing it or it sources. (Lazarus,1984)
There are 2 types of coping strategies – problem-focused coping and emotion-focused coping. People who use problem-focused coping strategy target the problem and attempt to eliminate the problem. They define the problem and control over it, and rehearse the task. On the other hand, people who use emotion-focused coping strategy reduce emotional reaction without attempting to solve the underlying problem. There are 2 kinds of strategies under emotion-focused coping. The first one would be behavioral strategies, examples include engaging in physical exercise and using alcohol or other drugs. Another one would be cognitive strategies, examples include setting the problem aside temporarily and reappraisal, which means to reinterpret the situation to make it seems less threatening.
The aim of our research is to investigate HKU students’ experience of stress and their coping strategies. Based on the result, we will design a health promotion program to help them manage their stress.
In our research, we use methodology, inviting 30 HKU undergraduates, with 16 male and 14 female, to do a questionnaire, in which convenience sampling is used. The questionnaire is composed of personal information, the 7 factor ICSRLE scale which includes 37 items, and the brief COPE scale which includes 28 items.
ICSRLE stands for Inventory of College...