When planning a healthy and safe environment in a childcare setting, a number of factors should be considered. There are a number of important principles to think about when planning for healthy and safe environments or activities for children. Most of these are common sense; however, one needs to remember that everyone is an individual and may have different needs.
One of the most important aspects to take into account is the space I have and the space I allow the children in my care to use. The space in the care setting is divided into different sections that each have different functions. The children have quiet time in the front room, messy time and free play in the play room. The outdoor space is also used for free play an sometimes for messy time. The children are not allowed to go into the kitchen unless observe they are observing the prepared food going into the oven at allocated times. In relation to this, the desired outcomes for the children are the starting point of all cild care practice. Most activities with children should have clear aims and objectives that are based around the required outcomes linked to their age.
Furthermore, I have to take into account how many children I am caring for, as well as their ages and developmental stages. Such factors would inevitably influence the type of activities I offer the children at my care setting. Each child is unique with different needs, with some children having special needs that always need to be taken into consideration. Likewise, children are part of families and so the different needs of their families and careers also need to be considered.
Outside factors, such as the weather, play a big role in determining safe activities for the children. For example, in very hot weather, I would not allow children outdoors for long periods of time and they would not go out without sun cream and a sun hat. I would have a signed permission form for the cream in line with health and safety policies....