SCHOOL OF LANGUAGES AND SOCIAL SCIENCES
2012 Pre-sessional Programmes in English for Academic purposes
Write an essay of approximately 600 words on the following topics:
Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of some common leadership styles and evaluate how modern managers can best implement them to deal with the challenges they face in the 21st century.
Name: QIHAN RUI
Student Number: 1290011486
Tutor Name: Geoff Geis
Word Count: 603
At the present time, to cope with all the business problems, managers should utilize a variety of leadership styles. Three common ones of them are autocratic leadership, democratic leadership and charismatic leadership. Autocratic leadership is a kind of classical style that the manager should be fully responsible for their staff and missions. Democratic leadership is used when leaders want to share responsibility with other groups, which makes important decision-making become mutual instead of individual. Charismatic leadership is more modern. Robertson (2011:1) states that: “charismatic leadership is a method that probably makes individuals more enthusiastic and motivates them to do the best job.”
Every leadership style has its strengths. To start with, autocratic leadership has four main advantages: it gives staff less stressful environment, promotes higher efficiency, improves the physical distribution, and also facilitates the speed of making decisions. Besides, democratic leadership creates a positive work environment, reduces the conflicts derived from office politics and diminishes the fluidity of employee and promotes creative ideas. It could be argued that “Democratic leadership is always used as a methodology to grasp the thinking of employee and utilize new idea.”(Robertson, 2011:1) Finally, charismatic leadership usually creates a stimulating work environment. “Teamwork is encouraged and rewarded, and performance rates tend to increase.” (p.1). On...