Running Head: THE AMISH 1
THE AMISH CULTURE
ANT 101 Introduction to Cultural Anthropology
Prof. Debbie Cassetta
December 12, 2011
Running Head: THE AMISH 2
The Amish people of America are in old religious sect; they are direct descendants of the Anabaptist of sixteenth-century Europe. They migrated to America in the eighteenth centuries to escape persecution in Europe. They initially settled in Pennsylvania, but later waves of immigrants settled in New York, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Missouri, and Ohio. There are over two dozen Amish affiliations and all of their practices vary from one another. The Amish are best known for their nineteenth-century way of life. While many people believe the Amish are stuck in the dark ages, the truth is that they are actually a very productive society that believes in hard work, humility, tradition, and obedience.
The Amish are an agricultural society. Their primary source of sustenance until recently has been farming. In the past most Amish families lived on small farms. These farms were diversified operations with a dozen cows, some chickens, and few beef cattle (Amish Studies). One of the main reasons the Amish choose to live on farms is because they believe that their lifestyle and their families can be best maintained in a rural environment. The Amish believe that God wants them to be stewards of the land. The Amish do all of the cultivating in their fields without the use of modern day equipment. They do not permit the use of tractors in their fields, however some modern farm equipment can be utilized as long as it doesn’t; have rubber wheels and it is pulled by teams of horses or mules. The main crops that are raised by the Amish are corn, hay, wheat, tobacco, soybeans, barley, potatoes, and other various vegetables. Some Amish families have become more specialized in one area of farming or another. Many Amish farmers have gotten in the dairy cow...